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GOMBE STATE AGENCY FOR COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT (GMCSDA)

GOMBE STATE AGENCY COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

PREAMBLE

The Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) sought and obtained financial assistance from the International Development Association (IDA) of the World Bank Group to support the implementation of Community and Social Development Project (CSDP). The project which was carried out in partnership with State Governments, Local Governments and communities was anchored on the Community Driven Development (CDD) approach. It was conceived and designed to reduce poverty by increasing access of the rural poor to improved social infrastructure and natural resource services through co-

financing of investments in non-excludable, socio- economic and natural resource goods. It was expected that through these investments, CSDP will have a positive impact on Nigeria’s human development outcomes. Owing to its design, it was also expected to enhance upward and downward accountability between inhabitants of participating communities, Local Government Councils and State Agencies. The CSDP was designed to support the development, appraisal, coordination, implementation, supervision and evaluation of community-based Plans and the provision of financial grants for community infrastructure. The project was implemented in two phases; First cycle from 2009 to 2015, with a developmental objective (PDO) to sustainably increase access of poor people to improved social and natural resource infrastructure services. While the second cycle of the project Implemented from 2016 to 2020 with a modified Project Developmental Objective (PDO); to increase access by the poor people, and particularly by the internally displaced and vulnerable people in the North East of Nigeria, to improved social and natural resource infrastructure services in a sustainable manner throughout Nigeria.

GOMBE STATE AGENCY COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

Gombe State Agency for Community and Social Development was established in 2009 by the State House of Assembly to Implement Community and Social Development projects, and any other intervention support the state may so wish. Gombe State became effective in August 2010 to Implement Community and social Development projects. The Agency, supported and funded the implementation of the projects successfully in two phases; first cycle: from 2010 to 2013, but extended to 2015, where Two Hundred and Seventy-Two (272) Community micro projects supported from eight sectors of the Agency’s mandate, which include Education, Water, Health, Electricity. Transport, Environment, Socio Economy and Gender and vulnerable Groups were funded and supported. In addition, trees were planted around schools, Health Clinics, Skills Acquisition Centers and VIP toilets. Also, a vast area of land was reclaimed around the culverts and bridges supported. Partnerships with Ministries, Department, Agencies (MDAs), Local Government Officials, and Communities’ leaders, got Capacity building and training programs carried out, to assist and reposition the community members and officials to be on the driver’s seat, in community development initiatives. Also, Local CBOs, National and International NGOs were partnered to assist and Support the communities in the micro project Implementation, Maintenance and sustainability. 

 

The funding support sources of the Agency were from the World Bank, International Development Association (IDA) and the annual contribution from the State Government.

COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT –ADDITIONAL FINANCE (AF1 & Af2)

The CSDP Additional Financing (AF1) became effective in August, 2015with $140million and shortly thereafter, the World Bank approved the CSDP Additional Financing AF 2 with $75Mmillion in June, 2016 and became effective in February, 2017. These two facilities were implemented to consolidate the gains been recorded in the implementation of the first cycle (2009 to 2015), and to further address the imbalance between the poorest of the poor, especially in terms of the provision of social and natural resource infrastructure services; The CSDP AF 1 & 2 are targeted among others to assist in the restoration, rehabilitation and reconstruction agenda of the Federal and State Governments in the North East. The Bank among other stakeholders have been called upon to urgently pool resources together to pull the entire region out of the wanton destruction of infrastructure it has witnessed in the recent past.

In Gombe State, the Project second cycle (AF1 & AF2) was implemented alone between 2016 and September 2020. Remarkable successes have been recorded in Communities and Groups supported, during the period under review. A total of four hundred and Sixteen (416) Communities and Groups micro projects were funded from 2016 to May 2019. While from June 2019 to September 2020, under the current Administration of His Excellency Alhaji Muhamadu Inuwa Yahaya, the Agency funded a total of Two Hundred and Ninety-Two (292) Communities and Groups Micro Projects in the eight sectors of CSDP mandate. The Sixteen months support under the current admistration has surpassed the Agency intervention in the first cycle (2011 to 2015) when Two Hundred and Seventy-Two (272) micro projects supported against Two Hundred and Ninety-Two (292) supported Micro Projects in sixteen months. Community and social Development projects (CSDP) supported a total of Seven Hundred and Eight (708) Communities and Group Micro Projects in the second cycle of the project Implementation from 2016 to September 2020 of the Project Additional Finance (AF1 & AF2). For the two cycles of the project from 2011 to September 2020 a total of One Thousand and Eighty (1080) micro projects were supported and implemented by various Communities and Groups across the Eleven Local Government areas in the state. In addition, Trees were adequately planted around Schools, Health clinics Skill Acquisition centers supported and constructed. Land reclamation around Culverts, Mini Bridges and drainages was achieved Also Capacities and Partnerships have been built among key MDAs Staff, LGAs Officials, Communities and Group members to assist in micro projects Implementation, maintenance and sustainability.

SOURCE OF FUNDING

The World Bank International Development Association (IDA) disbursed a total of N2.683 billion to Gombe CSDA during the implementation of the project in two cycles from 2010 to September 2020. And total of N814 million was disbursed to Gombe CSDP from 2010 to 2015. While the sum of N1.868 billion was received from

2016 to September 2020. During the period under review, Gombe State Government contributed the sum of N200million from 2010 to 2015 and N100million from 2016 to September 2020. The Agency also received miscellaneous income of about N5.5million from Bank interest and insurance claims. The tables below, are summary of the income and expenditure of the Agency from 2010 to September 2020. The expenditure table has shown that 71.18% was community/Groups funded infrastructures investment, capacity building and human Development beneficiaries related resource expenditure. While only 28.82% was expended on Goods and operating cost of the project Implementation from 2010 to September 2020.

SOURCES AND UTILISATION OF FUND TABLES

PROJECT SUPPORT AND COORDINATION; COMMUNITIES AND GROUPS DEVELOPMENTS PLANS FUNDED FROM 2010 TO SEPTEMBER, 2020

From the table above, the modest achievement of CSDP from 2011 when it started operation to September 2020 has been tremendous. All the eleven Local Government council keyed into the project and passed the bye-law and constituted the Local Government review committees, established a desk office and appointed Desk Officers to participate into project.

SUMMARY OF PROJECTS COMPLETED BY SECTORS

S/NSECTORPROJECT DETAILS201020162019TOTAL
– 2015– 2019-2020
1EducationClassrooms constructed969750243
Classrooms renovated-212748
Classrooms completed-141125
Examination hall constructed510419
Student pupil desk provided in the school1855258015605995
Teachers tables and chairs provided1735614851219
Teachers Residential Unit constructed811120
VIP Toilet Constructed4512197263
Construction of Library-1-1
Science Laboratories Constructed &8--8
equipped
2WaterDistance of water reticulation (In417650038508526
metres)
Earth dam constructed53210
Earth dam rehabilitated64111
Hand pump borehole constructed7816392333
Soler/Motorized borehole constructed571527
Open concrete well-constructed1381334
3HealthHealth Centre constructed27192571
Health Centre equipped32223488
Health Centre rehabilitated53412
Staff residential unit constructed25232371
VIP Toilet constructed in the health care Centre32191970
4TransportCulvert constructed811524
Length of drainage channel constructed (In Metres)12977007002697
Feeder road constructed--11
Bridge constructed1124
Bridge Completed-1-1
Provision of tricycle-303060
Provision of Crutches-303060
Provision of Walking sticks-303060
5Rural ElectrificationProvision of Electricity2110637
Communities connected to electricity256637
6Socio- EconomicSkill acquisition Centre constructed and equipped58417
VIP Toilet constructed in the skill acquisition Centre-8412
Market stall5128
7Gender andOrphanages Home Constructed1--1
Vulnerable
PROJECT PARTNERSHIPS, CAPACITY BUILDING AND TRAINING PROGRAM

The project has a core component of establishing partnerships and capacity building/ training programs of various stakeholders, among whom are the benefiting Communities and Groups, Local Government Officials, keys ministries, Departments and Agencies that will assist the beneficiaries in their micro project Implementation, service provision, maintenance and sustainability. This component has also partnered with local CBOs, FBOs, local, National and International NGOs and established a permanent and lasting relationship and partnerships that are beneficial to the Communities and Groups, before, during and after CSDP support. The Table below, indicated that the program has benefited Three Thousand Four Hundred and Forty One (3441) Communities and Groups Members, five Hundred and Thirty Four (534) Local Government officials, to understand the rudiments of CDD, micro projects Implementation, communities/Groups contracting and procurement processes, fund retirement, book records keeping, Banking relationships, micro projects usage maintenance and sustainability, Community/ Village town hall meetings culture and benefits. Also, Three Hundred and Sixty-Four (364) of MDAs officials and One Hundred and Forty-Three (143) CBOs, NGOs, officials, Critical stakeholders have benefited from CSDP training and capacity building programs, to reposition them in assisting the beneficiaries and establish a lasting partnership with communities and Groups.

Gombe State Agency for Community and Social Development partnered with HOPE SPRINGS INTERNATIONAL where communities and groups were immensely benefitted from the partnership in which N55million was raised from the NGO as 5% or 10% mandatory contributions in CSDP projects implementation arrangement. The NGO (Hopes Springs) direct grant support, was also used in projects maintenance and support, after completion and other Communities/Groups resource needs. In addition, the NGO Drilled 59 Motorized, Hand Pumps and Solar Powered Boreholes across the state, most of which through CSDP partnership. There is also a partnership with HOPE FOR THE BLIND NGO that is training people with special needs which CSDP supported and provide starter pack for the groups after training. CSDP has also established partnerships with so many local NGOs, CBOs and FBOs that assisted the beneficiaries of the project funding support and Implementation. The table below is the Partnership, Capacity Building and training programs of the project from 2010 to September 2020.

PROJECT INTERMEDIATE OUTCOME STUDY  RESULTS

The Intermediate outcome study of CSDP conducted by independent firm in 2013 revealed that the project has contributed significant outcomes in all the sectors of the project intervention. In the table below, people with access to health services have increased by 84% in CSDP communities when compared before intervention. There has been increased of 80% in school enrolment in the project communities when compared before intervention and in non-CSDP communities. Also, in water sector, access to clean and safe drinking water have increased to 90%, as revealed by the impact assessment study. There is also decreased in water born related diseases. Tremendous decreased in cost of water in the CSDP intervened communities has also been recorded.

More household are now connected to electricity, with businesses springing up as a result of CSDP intervention in the electricity sector. The study shows 90% increase in the household connected with electricity, small Businesses have sprang up, security has improved. The project has also recorded successes in Transport and Environmental sectors, where travel time and cost of transportation have reduced by 80.5% and erosion control and land reclamation was achieved in CSDP communities by 65% as a result of drainage channels constructed, tress planted around schools, Health Clinics and the general hygiene improvement due to VIPs toilets constructed around schools, Health centers and skill acquisition centers. Women with access to skills acquisition has also increased to 70% with all the economic multiplier effects. Finally, the orphanage home built for the orphans at Tunfure had sheltered 49 orphans. Also, unit cost of CSDP projects are always lower than the cost of putting same structures together by other Agencies as revealed by the impact assessment study.

INTERMEDIATE OUTCOMES STUDY OF CSDP INTERVENTION CONDUCTED IN 2013

SOURCE OF FUNDING

The World Bank International Development Association (IDA) disbursed a total of N2.683 billion to Gombe CSDA during the implementation of the project in two cycles from 2010 to September 2020. And total of N814 million was disbursed to Gombe CSDP from 2010 to 2015. While the sum of N1.868 billion was received from

2016 to September 2020. During the period under review, Gombe State Government contributed the sum of N200million from 2010 to 2015 and N100million from 2016 to September 2020. The Agency also received miscellaneous income of about N5.5million from Bank interest and insurance claims. The tables below, are summary of the income and expenditure of the Agency from 2010 to September 2020. The expenditure table has shown that 71.18% was community/Groups funded infrastructures investment, capacity building and human Development beneficiaries related resource expenditure. While only 28.82% was expended on Goods and operating cost of the project Implementation from 2010 to September 2020.

SOURCES AND UTILISATION OF FUND TABLES

PROJECT SUPPORT AND COORDINATION; COMMUNITIES AND GROUPS DEVELOPMENTS PLANS FUNDED FROM 2010 TO SEPTEMBER, 2020

From the table above, the modest achievement of CSDP from 2011 when it started operation to September 2020 has been tremendous. All the eleven Local Government council keyed into the project and passed the bye-law and constituted the Local Government review committees, established a desk office and appointed Desk Officers to participate into project.

SUMMARY OF PARTNERSHIPS, TRAINING AND CAPACITY BUILDING PROGRAMS TABLE

S/NPARTNERSHIP, TRAINING AND CAPACITY BUILDINGCSDPCSDPPROJECT
(FIRST CYCLE)(SECOND CYCLE)LIFE
2010 TO 20152016 TO 20202010 TO 2020
1Community’s micro projects Mgt. Officials, Communities Development Association representatives, Communities Leaders and Stakeholders.
156113202881
2Groups’ micro projects Mgt. Officials, Groups Development Association representatives, Groups and Community leaders and stakeholders.
-560560
2Local Government Officials: Chairmen, Heads of Department, Local Review committees, LGAs Desk Officers, Communities and Political Parties and traditional leaders and youths’ representatives,
50484534
3Ministries Departments and Agencies Officials, CSDP Board members, and state
level critical stakeholders.124240364
4CBOs, FBOs, Local, National, and International NGOs and Academia19124143
5Gombe Agency for Community and social Development project staff,
and others not captured.11393206

Tree Planting Activities: Roadside planting and shelterbelts